Study of serum c-peptide level in newly detected diabetic patients in age group 30-40 years in tertiary care hospital - a cross sectional study
Keywords:Body Mass Index, diabetes, serum C-peptide, newly detected diabetes mellitus, treatment of diabetes mellitus, fasting blood sugar, postprandial blood sugar
Background: Serum C-peptide is the standard marker of endogenous insulin production and pancreatic β cell function. The present study was conducted with the aim to study serum C-peptide level in newly detected diabetes of age group 30-40 years in Tertiary care hospital in Tamilnadu.
Materials and methods:
It was a hospital based, cross sectional study. 100 newly detected diabetes mellitus patients of age group between 30-40 years were screened for fasting serum C-peptide levels and the relation between fasting serum C-peptide levels and age, gender, symptoms, family history of diabetes mellitus, Body Mass Index (BMI), central obesity and total cholesterol.
Results: The study results showed that, among 61 males, 8 (13%) had serum c-peptide level less than 0.5 and among females, 4(10.3%) had low serum C-peptide. 88 (88%) of the study population had a fasting serum c-peptide value between 0.5-2 mg/dl and 12 (12%) had fasting serum C-peptide value less than 0.5. 68 (68%) of the study populations had cholesterol in range of ≤200 and 32 (32%) had cholesterol value from ≥200.
Conclusion: This study suggests measurement of serum c-peptide levels in newly detected diabetic subjects especially of younger age group is of value. However, there was no significant association between the fasting serum C- peptide level and age, gender, symptoms, family history of diabetes mellitus, BMI, central obesity and total cholesterol.
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